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Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences
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Mongolia

?Mongolia

http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/asia/lgcolor/mncolor.htm

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Mongolia, literally Mongol country/state, is a landlocked country in East and Central Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west. Although Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, its western-most point is only 38 kilometres (24?mi) from Kazakhstan's eastern tip. Ulan Bator, the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the population.

At 1,564,116 square kilometres (603,909?sq?mi), Mongolia is the 19th largest and the most sparsely populated independent country in the world, with a population of around 2.75 million people. It is also the world's second-largest landlocked country after Kazakhstan. Approximately 30% of the population are nomadic or semi-nomadic.

It mostly lies between latitudes 41° and 52°N (a small area is north of 52°), and longitudes 87° and 120°E.The country contains very little arable land, as much of its area is covered by steppes, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south. The highest point in Mongolia is the Khüiten Peak in the Tavan bogd massif in the far west at 4,374?m (14,350?ft).

365bet线上网投Mongolia is high, cold, and windy. It has an extreme continental climate with long, cold winters and short summers, during which most of its annual precipitation falls. The country averages 257 cloudless days a year, and it is usually at the center of a region of high atmospheric pressure. Precipitation is highest in the north (average of 200 to 350 millimeters (7.9 to 13.8 in) per year) and lowest in the south, which receives 100 to 200 millimeters (3.9 to 7.9 in) annually. The country is also subject to occasional harsh climatic conditions known as zud.

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